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Since 1984, The Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS) has been at the forefront of efforts to rescue and provide appropriate, humane sanctuary for animals who have been the victims of the exotic and performing animal trades. PAWS investigates reports of abused performing and exotic animals, documents cruelty and assists in investigations and prosecutions by regulatory agencies to alleviate the suffering of captive wildlife.



The five elephant habitats at ARK 2000 provide the elephants with hundreds of acres of varied natural terrain to roam, lakes and pools to bathe in, and elephant barns equipped with heated stalls and a indoor therapy pool.
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PAWS Bids Farewell

to Spanky the Tiger

On December 5, the PAWS family bid farewell to Spanky, a very special tiger who has lived at our ARK 2000 sanctuary for the past 12 years. Spanky was one of 39 tigers that PAWS rescued from conditions of severe abuse and neglect at a now-defunct roadside zoo formerly known as "Tiger Rescue" in Colton, California.

When Spanky first came to PAWS in 2004, he was battle-scarred, weak, and severely emaciated (see photo, left). Although he had a good appetite, all of his food was either vomited up or passed through him in undigested pieces. His coat was dull and matted, and his face expressed a long history of sadness and suffering. Many thought that Spanky would not survive much longer after his rescue.

PAWS' veterinarian Dr. Jackie Gai was determined to find out what was affecting Spanky's health, and to see if there was any hope of finding a treatment that would help. After Spanky had settled into his new home with us, Dr. Gai performed a thorough physical examination under anesthesia and discovered that he was suffering from disease of the pancreas, as well as inflammatory bowel disease. Once on sound nutrition and special medications and vitamins, Spanky soon transformed into a handsome, healthy tiger. The digestive problems that had plagued him for so long disappeared, and his coat grew thick and shiny. His amazing turnaround was nothing short of miraculous!

In 2012, Spanky had a brush with cancer that required amputation of a toe. In 2014, a severe corneal disease resulted in surgical removal of one eye. With all of these health challenges you might think that he was sickly, but nothing could be farther from the truth! Spanky bounced back after every health issue with energy and vitality, and a radiant joy of living.

Spanky enjoyed a close friendship with tiger companion Artemis (pictured above). The two big males would spend most of their time together exploring their large habitat filled with grass and trees and custom-built wooden platforms where they could lounge and watch the world around them. Spanky had a favorite log - a big section of a fallen tree which he would rub his head on, sleep against, and even occasionally drool on, in a state of total feline bliss. Since Spanky's passing, friend Artemis stops at this log every day to sniff it and rub his head before moving on.

In late November, Spanky was diagnosed with kidney failure and cancer and the difficult but most humane decision was made to euthanize him.

Tiger supervisor Renae was deeply inspired by this remarkable tiger's resilience and toughness in the face of adversity. We will forever remember Spanky for his handsome face, his magnificent presence, and his strong spirit. Spanky passed from this life surrounded by many who loved him and cared for him. Although his exact age was not known, he was estimated to be over 19 years old.

Click here to read about the Colton Tiger rescue. Watch the documentary, "39 Tigers" here.


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Above: Mara by the African lake at ARK 2000.


Spotlight on African Elephant Mara

Like all elephants, Mara has a story to tell. Hers began in Africa, where she was born around 1980. She lived with her extended family, as baby elephants do, doted on by loving aunts and older female siblings. Her mother would have been fiercely protective, as Mara explored the rich and complex natural world that was her home.

Then disaster struck. Mara's mother was killed in a cull - the unconscionable government slaughter of elephants to reduce the size of a population. Mara surely saw her mother and other family members executed. The traumatized two-year-old calf was captured as part of the operation and sent to the Catskill Game Farm in New York. There she was sold to a European animal dealer who also happened to own the Happy Hollow Zoo in San Jose, California, where he sent Mara. The lone elephant at the zoo, Mara "entertained" visitors during the day. But behind the scenes, she was immobilized in chains and trained with a bullhook.

It didn't take long before Mara's life was to change again. The zoo threatened to sell her to a circus in Mexico, but a kindly group called "Friends of Mara" took up her cause, determined to stop the transfer. Fortunately, a very generous mother and daughter donated the funds needed to purchase Mara from the zoo. (This family is still helping Mara and PAWS all these years later, and we cannot thank them enough for their support!) Friends of Mara sent the young elephant to Florida where she lived with 80 other imported elephant orphans on a 600-acre estate owned by Nautilus exercise machine inventor Arthur Jones. After a few years, Jones began selling all the elephants, and Mara was yet again slated for sale to a circus.

That's when PAWS co-founders Ed Stewart and the late Pat Derby stepped in. They had previously rescued a sickly baby elephant named "71" from the same Florida estate. When they heard about Mara's fate, they alerted Friends of Mara and quickly moved to rescue her from a life of misery in the circus. Ed Stewart enlisted the help of a local truck driver and the two men headed out on the 6,000-mile, round-trip journey to Florida to pick up the young elephant and bring her back to PAWS. Mara (shown above with 71, circa 1993) arrived at PAWS' Galt sanctuary in January 1990, and shared a habitat with 71. The two remained companions until 71's death in 2008.

Today, Mara is known for her mischievous spirit, athleticism, high energy, and love of large, leafy branches that she skillfully removes from the sanctuary's trees. She has come a long way from her real home and family in Africa - a life we can never give back to her. What we can do is give her and all of our elephants the best life possible in captivity, for the entirety of their lives.

As elephants have a natural life span of 65-70 years (though their lives in captivity are often tragically cut short due to decades spent in unnatural conditions), it takes real commitment to care for them. We are proud that we have been able to provide our elephants with stability, a spacious and enriching natural environment, and a life of peace and dignity. And it is you, our readers and donors, who make it all possible. Thank you.


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132kW Solar Energy System

Installed at ARK 2000

Above: Workmen install solar panels on top of the 20,000 sq. ft. Asian elephant barn at ARK 2000.

Solar panels line the rooftop of an 8,000 sq. ft. bull elephant barn at ARK 2000.


PAWS Goes Green!

PAWS is proud to announce that our ARK 2000 sanctuary in San Andreas is now powered by solar energy. Clean, renewable energy supplies 97% of the electricity to our elephant barns, big cat and bear facilities, offices, and soon to be opened Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center. Not only are we helping the environment and encouraging clean air and water, we will save nearly $1.5 million in electricity costs over 25 years. This means that even more of your generous donations go directly to animal care and rescue.

PAWS contracted with SUNWorks, one of the fastest growing solar energy system providers in California, to install the 132kW system. There is an array of 420 solar panels on the rooftops of the Asian elephant barn and Prince's bull barn, which produce enough pollution-free electricity to power more than 25 homes for a year. Of course, our California climate is ideal for solar energy, with plenty of sunshine year round.

PAWS is committed to saving captive wild animals, as well as conserving our planet and its wildlife. For example, an entire tree-covered mountainside on the ARK 2000 property has been set aside to protect this vital ecosystem and the animals that depend on it. With our conversion to solar power, we further dedicate ourselves to creating a sustainable world.

Solar power has no associated air pollution emissions, so it does not contribute to global warming which is negatively affecting the world's wildlife on land and in our oceans. In its first month of operation alone, PAWS' solar power system has avoided the production of 25 tons of CO2 and carbon pollution equivalent to burning over 4,000 gallons of gasoline. This important renewable energy also requires no water to operate, so it does not pollute water resources or compete with agriculture or other important water needs.


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PAWS' co-founder, the late Pat Derby, and African elephant 71, walking through the hills at ARK 2000. Pat and Ed rescued 71 in 1986; she was PAWS' founding elephant. 71 died in 2008 - read about her here.

PAWS Cofounder Pat Derby:

Forever Our Inspiration

PAWS Co-founder Pat Derby would have celebrated another birthday on June 7th. Sadly, the world lost this fearless leader for the animals to cancer in 2013. Pat was a former Hollywood animal trainer who first championed the cause of performing wild animals nearly 40 years ago when she published a tell-all book, The Lady and Her Tiger. She exposed the behind-the-scenes abuse of wild animals used in entertainment, which, not surprisingly, brought her Hollywood career to end. But it marked the beginning of her heart's work of rescuing and caring for captive wildlife, and advocating for an end to the use of wild and exotic animals in entertainment.

Each and every day we think about Pat and all that she, together with her partner, PAWS Co-founder and President Ed Stewart, have accomplished for captive wildlife. Her legacy lives on in the 2,300-acre, natural habitat ARK 2000 sanctuary, where, today, wild animals like elephants, bears and tigers live in dignity and peace.

This year, PAWS will be opening the Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center, a comprehensive veterinary facility that will better serve the animals we care for at the sanctuary. It is a fitting and vital tribute to Pat and her unending love for animals.

Ed Stewart continues to lead PAWS into the future, building on the work for captive wildlife that he and Pat started more than 30 years ago. We thank you, our supporters - whether a new friend or longtime partner - for making this work possible.

Read Ed Stewart's 2013 tribute to Pat Derby here.

The following videos were created in honor of Pat Derby and shown during the PAWS 30th Anniversary Gala and the International Captive Wildlife Conference in November 2014.

The early years. (click on the picture to play video.)

It had to begin with elephants. (click on the picture to play video.)


At PAWS Sanctuaries rescued animals live in peaceful, natural habitats, free from fear, chains, and harsh confinement. They are at complete liberty to act out natural behaviors in the comfort of their individually designed enclosures. PAWS' animals are not bred, traded, sold, rented or forced to perform in any way. PAWS educates the entertainment industry, public officials and the general public in humane care and treatment of captive wildlife.

Through our public awareness campaigns, more and more actively concerned individuals are becoming aware of the problems inherent in the breeding of wildlife in captivity and the use of animals in entertainment. Learn More »




Goodbye to 2016

2016 was a good year for captive wild animals, with major legislative victories and a continuing trend toward the rejecting of the use of wild animals in entertainment. PAWS is looking forward to the challenges that the New Year will bring, including rescuing more animals in need and giving them a new, more natural life at our ARK 2000 sanctuary. We will also be working toward more legislative victories that bring us closer to ending the exploitation of exotic animals in circuses, roadside zoos and as exotic "pets."

Thanks to you, PAWS is here for wild and exotic animals in need. I look forward to partnering with you to achieve even more great things for the animals in 2017!

Best holiday wishes for the New Year from the PAWS family!

Ed Stewart

President and Co-Founder

Read our final newsletter of 2016 here.


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Sneak Peek at 2017

2016 has been an incredibly productive year for PAWS - one that saw some of our years-long work for captive wild animals come to fruition. But, as always, there is so much more to be done in order to make a better world for captive big cats, elephants, bears, nonhuman primates and any wild animal forced to perform in a circus, give rides, suffer in a cramped cage on display, or be kept as someone's exotic "pet."

We look forward to 2017, and PAWS is ready to face the challenges the New Year will bring. We have never wavered in our commitment to protecting, rescuing and caring for captive wildlife. We will continue to stand strong in the face of those who exploit animals for their own profit, and we will continue to provide safe sanctuary for animals in need.

Here is a sneak peek at 2017 and some of the projects PAWS is involved in:

PAWS Embarks On Tiger Rescue

PAWS is busy with preparations for our next rescue: eight tigers in desperate need. The cats range in age from four to 15 years old and are coming from a facility in Colorado that had been breeding tigers just so the public could handle the cubs and have a picture taken with them. All but eight tigers had been relocated to other sanctuaries. PAWS stepped up and agreed to take the last eight, allowing the facility to be closed for good.

Facilities that offer public contact and photos with cubs are engaged in a never-ending cycle of cruelty. Big cats are constantly bred to produce cubs who, in turn, are disposed of when they get older, more dangerous to handle, and unprofitable. Some cats may be kept for even more breeding. Sadly, this is big business despite the unimaginable suffering it causes the animals. PAWS is working closely on the rescue with Tigers in America, an organization that seeks to end big cat breeding and exploitation and help tigers in need.

PAWS will keep you updated on this rescue and the arrival of the tigers at the ARK 2000 sanctuary. Please watch our Facebook page, follow us on Twitter, and look for more information in upcoming PAWS e-newsletters. You will also be hearing more about our efforts to stop the rampant breeding of big cats and end the exploitation of these animals in cub petting operations.

Protecting Performing Wild Animals

Through Legislation

You will definitely want to follow PAWS as we work on newly proposed ordinances to ban the use of performing wild animals in two major U.S. cities: New York and Los Angeles. If passed, these would be milestone ordinances. If you live in either city, we will be providing information on how you can help. Stay tuned for more on these important bills and other new bills as they arise.

Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center to Open

The Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center, named in honor of the late PAWS co-founder, will be opening next month. This comprehensive veterinary facility will better serve the animals we care for at our ARK 2000 sanctuary by enhancing the types of veterinary care we can provide on-site. This means less stress for the animals, who can be hospitalized and provided specialized treatment and care without leaving the sanctuary.

Milestone Anniversary:

Maggie's 10 Years at PAWS!

In November 2017 we will be marking the 10-year anniversary of African elephant Maggie's arrival at PAWS. This remarkable elephant came to the ARK 2000 sanctuary from the Alaska Zoo, and is an important member of our elephant group. Save the date and be sure to join us in celebrating this very special event!


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Above: Alexander, black leopard


PAWS' Animal Habitats Designed

to Encourage Natural Behaviors

Every animal living at a PAWS sanctuary receives expert care tailored specifically to the individual's needs and preferences. This comprehensive approach to animal care incorporates a broad spectrum of factors intended to promote physical and emotional health and overall well-being. Habitats at PAWS' 2,300-acre ARK 2000 sanctuary are thoughtfully designed and constructed to give animals room to roam and include elements that encourage them to express their natural instincts like digging, climbing, swimming, and foraging for food.

Wild leopards will often climb trees to find a safe place to rest and when not in trees they are experts at hiding in tall grass where they stalk their prey. Though PAWS' black leopard Alexander was born in captivity, like most captive wild animals he is genetically hard-wired with the instincts of a wild leopard. Alexander's habitat at ARK 2000 includes a majestic oak and many pine trees, but one of his favorite places to spend his days is resting high up on a specially-designed platform where he can watch birds and observe all of the activities of the sanctuary.

When Alexander moved into his new habitat at ARK 2000 in 2013, he explored every inch of it and seemed especially excited about a tall platform with big logs leaning against it. From atop this elevated perch, he can alternate between taking comfortable naps and gazing at the world below. When watchful keepers noticed that an area of the platform was beginning to wear down and needed replacement, they put the word out and PAWS volunteer Joey Harvey stepped up to make repairs and build a beautiful new ramp for Alexander. Joey has generously given his time and talents over the past several years to construct a number of elevated wooden platforms for PAWS' lions and tigers, which the animals truly enjoy.

Confiscated from a private home in Texas after injuring a child, Alexander was 11 months old when he arrived at PAWS' Galt sanctuary in 1998. He lived in Galt for 13 years, and although he was comfortable, it was the dream of PAWS' co-founder, the late Pat Derby, to give Alex a special place to live: a much larger, tree-filled habitat that he could explore and enjoy. Pat's dream was made possible by an incredibly generous donor, and in 2013 Alexander moved from Galt to his new home at ARK 2000. Click here to watch the video of his move.

PAWS is forever grateful for the support of our donors and volunteers, whose dedication to the animals greatly enhances the quality of care that we strive to provide. Heartfelt thanks to Audrey Steele Burnand and family for donating the funds to build Alexander's habitat, and to Joey Harvey for building the new ramp for Alexander.


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Meet PAWS' Newest Resident Mack,

An Orphaned Yearling Black Bear

Mack's early history is a mystery, but it almost certainly was frightening, painful and lonely. Normally, wild bear cubs stay with their mothers until they are about two years old, learning from her what to eat, how to find food, and how to recognize and avoid danger. When Mack first came into contact with people last summer, he was a small cub only a few months old. Visitors to a tree farm in the hills above Claremont, California reported seeing a lone cub who was missing part of his right rear leg, soliciting food from people. No one saw his mother, nor had they seen any adult bears in the area. Although no one knew how he had lost part of his leg, it is suspected that it may have been traumatically amputated in a trap.

Mack stopped showing up at the tree farm, but he appeared at a nearby school a few weeks later, climbing a fence and clearly wanting to be near people. On July 15th, 2015, a warden from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife went to the school and picked him up. The little orphan was taken to the Fund For Animals Wildlife Center (photo above) in Ramona, California for evaluation and care. This facility takes in several orphaned black bear cubs every year and rehabilitates them for release back to the wild. When Mack arrived at the center, he weighed just 16 pounds. A veterinary examination revealed that his right hind leg had been traumatically amputated mid-tibia, but thankfully the amputation wound had healed and there was no evidence of infection.

The initial plan was to care for him until he was big enough to release back to the wild, and also to assess how well he was able to cope with his disability. Within a couple of months it became abundantly clear that although Mack could get around fairly well with three legs, he had become irreversibly habituated to humans and therefore was not a good candidate for release. Staff and volunteers at The Fund For Animals Wildlife Center provided expert care, a healthy diet specially formulated for a growing cub, and began the search for an appropriate, permanent home for Mack.

Soon after PAWS was contacted about providing sanctuary for Mack, PAWS' cofounder and director Ed Stewart and veterinarian Dr. Jackie Gai traveled to Ramona to meet Mack and learn about his special needs. We learned that Mack is very active, but needed an enclosure without too many obstacles where he might bump his amputation site. We also learned that he loves water, especially splashing in a pool. We then set about remodeling an enclosure at our Galt sanctuary that had previously been home to tigers Roy, Kim, and Claire, who recently moved to ARK 2000. Uneven ground was leveled, additional soft soil brought in, and dirt ramps were built leading to a low, grassy hill where we thought he would like to rest. Mack arrived on August 16th, safely transported by our friend Bobbi Brink of Lions, Tigers, and Bears, a GFAS-accredited exotic animal sanctuary in Alpine, California.

Since his arrival, Mack has settled in to his new home very well. He has a large pool to splash and play in, a cozy den, and a large grassy enclosure with a gently sloped hill and shady trees. Just as he has been learning about us, we have also been learning a lot about him. Mack appears to be a "night owl", preferring to nap during the day and being more active at night. Our 24-hour animal care staff see him playing in his pool at night (photo above), as well as exploring his habitat and resting on top of his grassy hill under the stars. He likes a variety of foods, but particular favorites are fish, grapes, avocado, dandelion greens and figs that grow on sanctuary grounds.

Mack is a gentle, playful bear who is full of energy and curiosity. The entire PAWS family was excited to welcome him to his forever home, and we look forward to watching him grow up with us.


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Thank you December Amazon

"Wish List" Donors

Karen M. Osgood: one bottle CosequinDS, 250#. Keith Wenk: one box of 40# oranges. Gini and Tim Wozny: one 5 lb. bag of Missing Link Ultimate Skin & Coat, one Probiocin Gel, one bottle Renal Essentials 60#, one qt. Red Cell. Sharal Camisa: one 5 lb. tub Psyllium, one bottle CosequinDS 132#, one Probiocin Gel. Helen LaBarbera: one bottle CosequinDS 132#. Cecilia Littlepage: one box 9x12 clasp envelopes, one box 33 gallon trash bags, one box of 40# oranges. Kathy Knight: four bags of Greenies Pill Pockets. Linda Bollinger: one 5 lb. bag Missing Link Ultimate Skin & Coat, three bags of Blue Buffalo, one bottle Duralactin, 180#, one Probiocin Gel. Marc Rockford: one bottle Duralactin 180#, one 10 lb. bag of Missing Link Ultimate Equine Skin & Coat. Britannia: one 5 lb. bag of Missing Link Ultimate Skin & Coat. Suzie in Seattle: one 10 lb. bag of Missing Link Ultimate Skin & Coat, one 5 lb. tub of Psyllium. Kelly Martin: one 5 lb. bag of Missing Link Ultimate Skin & Coat. Jill D. Coher: one bottle Azodyl. Anonymous Donors: one 5 lb. tub of Psyllium, one scoop shovel, one qt. Red Cell, four gallons Red Cell.


View wish list items that are needed, but not included on our Amazon list here.

Performing Animal Welfare Society
PO Box 849, Galt, CA 95632

(209) 745-2606 Office/Sanctuary
(209) 745-1809 fax

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